Cloves are the unopened buds of the clove tree, which is widely grown in Indonesia. The buds are red when harvested, but turn brown after drying. The name clove comes from the French word for a « nail », which it resembles. This spice is renowned for its antiseptic and anesthetic properties. Chewing on cloves is a remedy for soothing a toothache.
Cloves should be purchased whole, although their aroma is released when ground. It is often sold in jars, but is also available in small packets.
If they are for use in pastry making, cloves should be ground beforehand with a mortar and pestle or a blender.
An onion studded with cloves is an essential ingredient for making pot-au-feu or cabbage soup. Ground cloves are used in Indian curries, added liberally.
Ground cloves are added to cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, star anise, and ginger to make the spice mix for pain d'épices (spiced bread). Cloves have the particular ability to prevent oranges studded with them from rotting.
Cloves can keep for several months or years if stored in an airtight jar away from heat and light. Ground cloves lose the intensity of their flavor more quickly.
for 100 g: Water, 6.0%; 323 cal (kcal); carbohydrates, 61.2 g; protein 6 g; fat, 20 g